Some people may feel it is necessary to improve the appearance of their eyelids. Blepharoplasty, or eyelid surgery, may help these people. It involves the removal of excess tissues from the eyelids, including fat and muscle, in order to reshape the eyelid. The goal of this surgery is to give a more youthful appearance to the eyes.
Blepharoplasty can be done on either the upper or lower eyelids. To do this, the surgeon needs to assess where to make the cut. This is done with the person sitting upright. Before the procedure starts, a local anesthetic is administered to the site to numb the pain. The surgeon will do the incisions along the natural lines so as to hide scars and to promote better healing. During the procedure, it may be necessary to remove fat, excess tissue and skin. Once done, sutures will be used to close the surgical wound.
After surgery, your surgeon will require you to apply antibiotic ointments to the stitches in order to prevent infection for several days. To minimize swelling, cold compresses may be placed on the eyes for several days after the procedure. Also, to prevent complications to the wound, you will have to limit your physical activities. Lastly, if you are taking aspirin or related medications that may interfere with blood clotting, you will need to stop taking this also to prevent excessive bleeding.
Generally, eyelid surgery is relatively safe. However, as with any surgical procedure, certain risks may be present. Commonly identified risks of eyelid surgery are infections and scarring. Appropriate wound care will minimize the risks of this.
Other risks include difficulty in closing the eyes after the surgery, dry eye syndrome, hematoma and bleeding.
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